Background: The Nazi Party’s publishing house published a serious
of eight booklets on war during 1940. This one deals with the invasion
of France. I here translate one article from it dealing with the Nazi
occupation of the Channel Islands, the only part of Great Britain occupied
by the Nazis during WW II.
The source: “Der erste Griff nach England,” Siegeszug
durch Frankreich. Kleine Kriegshefte Nr. 5-6 (Munich: Zentralverlag
der NSDAP., 1940).
The First Attack on England
German Troops on the British
by Kurt G. Stolzenberg
On the wharf in Cherbourg there is a sculpture of Corsica’s greatest
son on a horse. The horse is rearing up and the eye of the emperor is
turned toward the Atlantic Ocean, turned toward the place where those
people dwell who burned France’s national heroine Joanne of Arc. Napoleon
did not realize his dream of defeating England. Britannica’s power reached
to the shores of Normandy. To our day, the forward posts of the island
kingdom stood before France’s doors: the islands of Guernsey, Jersey,
Alderney, and Sark belonged to the English crown.
Even after France
had long since made a mockery of the title of the English king to be “Lord
of Normandy,” England ruled the Norman islands in the Gulf of St.
Malo. The largest of the islands, Jersey, has 51,000 inhabitants. A bailiff
ruled in the name of the King of England, though during the war the real
power was held by the lieutenant governor. It was the same for the 43,000
inhabitants on Guernsey.
On 1 July 1940 the presses of the Evening Press, the Star, and the Evening News began
printing historic editions with large headlines. They announced
the “Ordre of the Kommandant of the German Forthes in occupation
of the Bailwick of Guernsey, Alderney and Sarc” [the spelling
mistakes are in the original].
The German army had conquered the islands, which had not seen
a foreign conqueror since the days of the Normans. The British
had retired several days earlier to their home island. It was
an event of symbolic significance. The inhabitants sense it as
well. They have grown accustomed to men in field gray standing
watch where formerly the Royal Guernsey Light Infantry stood.
On 1 July, Major Lanz, the commander of an infantry unit, took over the
authority formerly held by George VI of England. The signature of an officer
of the Führer replaced that of the king. The German headquarters
are at the Hotel Royal on Guernsey. Here we met the major, who had just
returned from Sark. There he had met the regent of the British crown,
“Madame la dame de Sarc” and her husband, who had put themselves
under German authority:
“We have been waiting for you Now we know how things
are!” The Germans had been expected, and the Germans had
set their eye on the islands soon after occupying Normandy. The
commander of the German forces in Cherbourg had observed the
island for days and his soldiers, under the white and gray of
Lower Saxony, were eager to land on those islands that were so
near. They had already been victorious in Dunkirk and Antwerp,
and along the River Lys. They were filled with that desire when
the admiral commanding our forces in Northern France gave the
order to occupy the islands.
The preparations assumed enemy resistance. Infantry and marine
units landed at Gotenhafen and transports at the Guernsey airport.
They encountered reconnaissance units of the Luftwaffe on Guernsey.
As soon as the Adjutant and his second-in-command landed at the
head of their troops on the island, the Reich war flag was raised.
It flew over the rocks and forests of Guernsey and Jersey.
The island parliament came to terms with the new conditions. The 79 year-old
Bailiff of Guernsey, as head of government, received the German commander
with deep respect. In his return visit, he gave particular thanks for
the correct and flawless behavior of the occupation troops. Given the
long agitation of England’s government, the citizens had expected the
worst from the Germans.
The vice-bailiff said: “We really did believe that a horde of wild
cannibals would fall upon us!”
Everyone, old and young, even the educated, were victims of
London’s propaganda. Half the inhabitants had fled. Hundreds
of dogs had been put to death, since the English radio had said
that the Nazis took pleasure in cruelly killing the loyal four-footed
At first the island’s inhabitants were practically invisible.
If a German soldier wandered by, he faced anxious looking eyes
who followed his path. Soon, however, the blond Hannoverians
won the respect and trust of people, who expressed their sentiments
in interesting ways. An English lady wrote the German commander
to request that her anxious children might meet German soldiers
to see that they were not cannibals (!). This was the first letter
that Major Lanz received in his new office.
Someone else wanted to know what would happen with church
services. The German commander put no barriers in the way of
religion. He prohibited only the former insults against the German
The question of weapons was readily resolved as well. Sark could keep
its ancient cannons, dating back to Queen Elizabeth. The count seneschall
retained the ability to deal with the plague of rabbits. Aside from these
rather amusing matters, there were more serious economic problems. The
export of granite, livestock, flowers, tomatoes, Guernsey apples, apple
wine tea, porcelain, and Jersey potatoes stopped. The supply of the islands
would have to become difficult within three months, particularly on Guernsey,
whose artistic landscape was filled with greenhouses growing tomatoes.
The guests in the fashionable hotels got tomatoes for breakfast and dinner.
The German commander ordered that half of the land should be planted in
other necessary vegetables, e.g. potatoes. One directive quickly followed
A new legal foundation for economic life quickly was implemented.
Some necessary changes in previous English law were implemented.
The wishes of the population had to be taken into account. Once
under the name of the king, they now were under German rule.
The question of the official language was answered in a neutral
and impartial manner. The exchange rate between the pound and
the mark was established. The sale of alcoholic beverages was
halted. The population learned that order and discipline were
the best guarantee for their lives and property. These small
islands of 117 and 78 square kilometers had little to say about
the great events of our day. However, the fact that German soldiers
have raised the German flag on territory that was traditionally
English is of great significance: London is in difficulty.
[Page copyright © 1999 by Randall
Bytwerk. No unauthorized reproduction. My e-mail address is available on the FAQ page.]
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