Background: The Nazis developed a system of holidays of pseudo-religious
nature. The most solemn of these was 9 November, the anniversary of Hitlerís
1923 Beer Hall Putsch. Every year, impressive observances were held in
Munich, but also throughout the nation. For more information, see my article
“Und Ihr habt doch gesiegt: Rhetorical Functions of a Nazi holiday,”
Etc. A Review of General Semantics 36 (1979), pp. 134-146. The
Nazis also developed art to go along with the holiday, examples of which
are shown below. The pictures are thumbnails. Clicking on them will produce
a larger version. For more information on 9 November ceremonies, see a
page on organizing them.
The source: The paintings are taken from Die Kunst im Deutschen
Reich, the glossy monthly published by the Zentralverlag der NSDAP.
The issues are #5-6/1941, #11/1942 and #8-9/1942, in that order.
Nazi Art for 9 November
||In 1935, the bodies of the 16 who died in 1923 were
moved to two “Honor Temples”
in Munich, near the Feldhernhalle, the place where police had opened
fire. In this painting, the party has gathered outside the Feldherrnhalle.
|An annual procession was held each year from the original
beer hall to the Feldherrnhalle. Flaming pylons each had the names
of two of those who had died in service of the Nazi Party. Their names
were read over loudspeakers as the procession drew abreast.
|Here Hitler gives a salute to those who had died.
|This postcard commemorates the 1938 observances. The
caption translates as: “And you have won in the end,” a
quotation from Hitler suggesting that the cause the participants in
the Beer Hall Putsch had died for had won. Thanks to Susan Henrick
for the postcard.
|Then there was this Nazi medal, given to those who had
participated in the 1923 Putsch. It was about the ultimate
“status symbol,” if one was a Nazi.
[Page copyright © 2000 by Randall Bytwerk.
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