Background: The Zeitschriften-Dienst was a weekly newsletter
for magazine editors during the Third Reich, first published in 1939.
It was supposed to be confidential. Editors were to keep it locked away,
and use it to help guide them in their duties. Here, I translate an article
on how to deal with the expected victory over the Soviet Union, published
at the end of October 1941. Editors were to place the victory in historical
context, suggesting that Europe had been rescued from the greatest threat
it had ever faced. I include the extensive list of sources for each point.
It suggests the work editors might do, though I suspect few visited the
library to dig up the books listed. Other material from the ZD on the invasion of the Soviet Union is available elswhere on the GPA.
For general information about the ZD, see Robert Young, “‘Not this
way please!’ Regulating the press in Nazi Germany,” Journalism
Quarterly (1987), 787-792.
The source: Zeitschriften-Dienst, 31 October 1941, 4-5.
Strictly confidential — Not for publication
Issue 131— 31 October 1941 — Numbers
5601 - 5637
Decisive Battles — Battles of Annihilation
The war against Bolshevism is characterized by a significant number
of battles of annihilation which have protected us from the danger of
Bolshevism, which the Führer, in his message to soldiers on 2 October
1941, called the greatest threat since the attacks of the Huns and the
The vast historical significance of this battle to save Europe
should be made clear from the historical and political standpoints.
Emphasize: Bolshevism is a threat for any culture, but particularly
Europe’s culture. Bolshevism threatens to wipe out all the successful
and hard-working racial lines in Europe. In the areas it rules, culture
gradually disappears. Bolshevism means general poverty, the extermination
of all previous intellectual achievements (art, literature, music, science).
Europe’s standing in the world depends on its many gifted racial groups,
on its intellectual capital in achievements and knowledge. If once destroyed,
this culture cannot be rebuilt. Europe has never faced a similar danger.
The Huns and the Mongols were somewhat similar, but not so dangerous,
as they were not motivated by a worldview that promoted cultural destruction,
even if they did do terrible damage.
Avoid: Using the term “Asiatic” for Bolshevism, and
any insult to Asian cultures. Confusing border conflicts with other
cultures (e.g., the Arabian battles of Tours and Poitiers) with genuine
threats to European culture. Do not say that the Persian kings’ attacks
on Greece were a danger to European culture, since the Persians were
an advanced Nordic people. Do not say that the Slavic peoples are
inferior. (The Slovaks and the Croats are our allies, the Bulgarians
our friends). Do not discuss a Catholic “Occidental ideal.” Do
not insult the Maygars. Be careful in discussing the Turks, whose
expansion under the great sultans cannot be compared with Bolshevism).
Themes and suggestions:
Was Cato right? (Rome’s defensive battle against Carthage, led by Scipio
and Cato, which was a genuine struggle by an Indo-Germanic Mediterranean
peasant culture against state ruled by a small layer of Phoenicians
and Jewish merchants that hired mercenaries, and had little culture
of its own. Material: The Italian film Zama; Fritz Taeger,
Das Altertum, vol. II; Ed. Meyer, Gesch. des Altertums).
The Battle of Zama saved Europe’s future (the leadership of Carthage
lost the battle). The victory over Spartacus (the Roman slave revolt
that almost become a mob revolt threatened the entire classical
culture with destruction). Material: Fr. Altheim: Epochen der römischen
Geschichte, vol. III; Taeger, 206 ff.).
The attack of the Huns — an enrichment or a danger for Europe?
(Portraying their culture, strongly influenced by the Chinese and the
Turks, as it really was and how it was portrayed by Greek and Roman
writers; Attila as a significant leader, his army leader, the Germanic
Ardarich, famed as King Etzel in the Niebelungenlied — and the
conglomeration of very unequal tribes, much senseless destruction, and
the rapid collapse into insignificant small hordes after the death of
Attila (the battle between his sons). Their power depended on their
German allies. They were more a threat than an enrichment to Europe.
Material: K. Zeuss, Die Deutschen und ihre Nachbarstämme; Hirth,
Ueber Wolge — Hunnen und Hiungnu; Helzer, Byzantinische Kulturgeschichte, Tübingen, 1909, pp. 55 ff; O. Franke: Beiträge aus chinesischen
Quellen zur Kennntnis der Turkvölker und Skythen Zentralasiens).
The Mongol storm — a real danger for Europe (accounts of the
Mongol Empire and its methods of destroying and carrying off other peoples.
Material: O. Wolff, Geschichte der Mongolen oder Tartaren, Breslau, 1872; Ernst Haenisch: Kulturbilder aus Chinas Mongolzeit, in
Histor. Zeitschrift, vol. 164, Nr, 1m o. 21, 1941; S. E. Haenisch: Geheime
Geschichte der Mongolen, Leipzig, 1937/41). — Battle at Liegnitz
by the Wahlstatt. Proclamation by Frederick II in Frz. Iblher, Vor
der Entscheidung, Berlin, Alfred-Metzner-Verlag, 1941, p. 93.
The attack of the Turks, and the defense against it (Use great caution!
We have a friendship treaty with Turkey! The Turks are very sensitive
to misunderstandings and denigration of their national history. —
Discuss the extent of the expansion of the Ottoman Empire. Has a unified
administration, exemplary military, a high culture — but there
was also a danger of the subordination of Central Europe, just as the
Balkans and Byzantium had been conquered. Fierce warfare, slavery, desolation.
In the defense against this powerful and in many ways admirable foe,
Germany saved its own culture and soil, and thereby also protected other
European nations (Do not bring up Christian agitation of the time against
Turkey and Islam. — Be careful of our current relations with the
Middle East. No religious issues!). The battle of annihilation at Zenta,
1697. fall of Belgrade 1717. Material: Jorga: Geschichte des Osmanischen
Reiches, vo. III, p. 135 and after; C. Ritter von Sax: Geschichte des
Machtverfalls der Türkei, Vienna 1913; Zinkeisen: Geschichte des
Osmanischen Reiches; Alfons von Czibulka: Grosse deutsche Soldaten, Berlin 1933, “Vivat Eugenius” and the works on Prince Eugen.
Dangers to European culture from within: The rebaptizers of Münster
(riots led by a sect that entirely followed the Jewish thinking of the
Old Testament. confiscation of property, communism, immorality, murder).
Coming from the same Jewish spirit as Bolshevism, it had the same drive
to destruction [do not confuse it with earlier peaceful rebaptizers
and the later Mennonites]. The destruction of the communist “Kingdom
of Zion” in Münster saved culture from the Jewish spirit.
Material: Ranke: Deutsche Geschichte im Zeitalter der Reformation. Full
edition. Vienna, chapt. 9, p. 696 and following; Egelhaaf: Deutsche
Geschichte im 16. Jahrhundert, Stuttgart 1892, vol. 2, p. 247).
The Jacobeans and the reign of terror of the French Revolution as
mob rule that threatened culture under the leadership of ideologues
(mass executions, Jewish influence). The terrible Marat, influenced
by the Jew Pereira, and the destruction of the native French aristocracy
and the granting of citizenship to the Jews. Mass seizure of property,
a battle against God, moral decay. Material: Michelet: Geschichte
der französischen Revolution, German translation by Friedrich
M. Kirheisen, vol. 9; Hoppenstedt: Die franzözische Revolution,
Berlin, two volumes; A. Thiers: Histoire de la Révolution française, ten volumes, Paris 1923-1827. German edition, Mannheim, 1855. Compare
A. Aulard, Thiers: Histoirie de la Révolution française; La Révolution
française, vols. LXVI and LXVII, 1914; H. v. Sybel: Geschichte
des Revolutionszeit. 1st edition, 2 vols, Düsseldorf 1853-1858,
4th edition [up to 1800]. 5 vols., Frankfurt 1872-79. Volksausgabe,
10 vols., Stuttgart, 1897-1900; L. v. Ranke, Ursprung und Beginn
der Revolutionskriege 1791 und 1792. Leipzig 1875. Collected Works, vol. 45; A. Aulard, Histoire politique de la Révolution française, Paris 1901. German edition, Munich 1909. Compare A. Cochin, La crise
de l’histoire révolutionare. Taine et M. Aulard, Paris 1909).
The Paris Commune of 1871 as a new destruction of culture by mob rule.
Bolshevism as the most serious threat to culture and to Europe. (Material:
Karl L. Albrecht, Der verratene Sozialismus, Niebelungen-Verlag, Berlin-Leipzig,
1939; Ernst Ertl, Werkmeister im “Paradies,” Niebelungen-Verlag,
Berlin-Leipzig, 1939; Prof. Dr. Karl Michael: Bauern unterm Sowjetstern, Blut und Boden Verlag, Goslar 1939; Dr. Hermann Greife: Die Klassenkampfpolitik
der Sowjetregierung, Niebelungen-Verlag, Berlin-Leipzig; Gregor Schwartz-Bostunitsch:
Jüdischer Imperialismus, Theodor-Fritsch-Verlag, Leipzig C 1;
Hermann Fehst: Bolshewismus und Judentum, Berlin 1934; Adolf Ehrt
und Julius Schweickert: Entfesselung det Unterwelt, ein Querschnitt
durch die Bolshewisierung Deutschlands, Niebelungen-Verlag, Berlin-Leipzig;
Dr. Rudolf Ehrt, Bewaffneter Aufstand! Enthüllungen über
den kommunistischen Umsturzversuch am Vorabend der nationalen Revolution. Published by the Gesamtverband deutscher antikommunistischer Vereinigungen
e.V., Eckart-Verlag, Berlin-Leipzig; R. Nilostonski: Der Blutrausch
des Bolschewismus. Bericht eines Augenzeugen
über die Schreckensherrschaft der Bolschewisten in Rußland. Neudeutsch-Verlags-und Treuhandgesellschaft 1921, Berlin).
Additional basic themes:
The threat of subhumanity (including treatment of the book by Lothrop
Stoddard, translated into German by Dr. Wilhelm Heise: Der Kulturumsturz
— die Drohung des Untermenschen, J. F. Lehmann Verlag, Munich
“Die Republik der Gleichen,” (Gracchus Baboeuf) as the signal
for subhumanity. — Jewry as the leader of the underworld (see
especially Schwartz Bostunitsch: Jüdischer Imperialismus).
In addition to that already mentioned: F. von Freytagh-Loringhoven:
Geschichte der russischen Revolution. — Heinrich Wolf: Weltgeschichte
der Revolutionen. Düsseldorf 1930. — Sorokin: Soziologie
[Page copyright © 2004 by Randall L. Bytwerk.
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