Background: The Nazi Party’s speakers needed to be kept up-to-date. To provide the necessary information, the party provided a variety of material. The Speaker Education Material was intended to provide information that could be used over the long term. The Redner-Schnellinformation [Speakers’ Express Information], on the other hand, provided speakers with guidelines for the immediate campaign. This is a translation of an issue of the latter. It is dated 12 September 1943, and addresses the situation in the east. The battle of Stalingrad was nine months in the past — and Germans are being told that the war situation looks good. The material doesn’t quite claim the war has been won, but suggests that the Soviet army will collapse due to its inability to break through the German front.
The source: “Die Kämpfe im Osten,” Redner-Schnellinformation, Lieferung 68, 12 September 1943.
The Battles in the East
All Attempts to Break through Frustrated!
The Soviets have not Succeeded in Reaching Key Agricultural Regions!
Decisive Battles of Annihilation have been Fought!
In reviewing the present state of the battles in the East, which have been going on for the past two months, we must put our strategy in the foreground. This is not “hold our position,” but rather: “No breakthroughs,” “do not allow an opening to Soviet agricultural regions,” and “destroy as many enemy troops, weapons, and war matériel as possible.”
Our tactics are governed by the knowledge that the desperate Bolshevist offensive is the result not of careful and considered planning, but rather gives all the signs of a nervous and worried manner of war leadership, which therefore displays ruthlessness, brutality, and murderous methods. Stalin and his lackeys no longer care if the millions of soldiers they have already lost are replaced in the shortest possible time by unimaginable masses of new victims for slaughter. Their goal is to keep going, whatever the cost. They pay no heed to the cost, whether in people or matériel, weapons or machines.
The number of tanks we have destroyed in recent weeks as of 1 September was 14.095, the number of aircraft 5,712, of weapons destroyed or captured, 2,450. We also captured 72,555 troops.
The total of those captured is but a small percentage of Soviet deaths. This is of decisive significance in our present battle. It makes no difference if we hold or give up a particular area or give up useless land to prevent a dangerous breakthrough. On average, our front in the East is 1,000 to 1,500 kilometers from our eastern border (including the Generalgouvernement). We hold the territory that is the agricultural heartland of the Soviet Union, and also hold areas critical to the Soviet war leadership.
The English weekly Statist discussed the Soviet Union’s war economy in its 7 August issue:
This detailed report from an English magazine is confirmed by many recent enemy statements about the food situation. A Turkish newspaper recently interviewed a traveler from Kuibyschew about the conditions in that area, and reported that the population still depends on bad bread and water. Bread was no longer available every day. Even Soviet soldiers, who until last winter were relatively well fed and clothed, now give a rather forlorn and unhappy impression.
The Edinburgh newspaper Scotsman, at the end of a discussion of American Lend Lease aid for the second quarter of 1943:
An English pilot, recently returned from the Soviet Union, told similar things to the English newspaper Daily Express. Among other things, he reported that the old and those to weak to work no longer receive meat or other essential foodstuffs. All they get is dried bread, about 200 grams a day.
This Englishman further reported that 67% of factory workers in the Soviet Union are women and 25% boys between 14 and 18. On average, only 8% are men.
The resulting impact on the Soviet civilian population is reported by Watson Jones, another English reporter returning from the Soviet Union. In the English British Medical Journal, he reported:
Just as in the past, the Bolshevist system is trying to conceal the true cause of its people’s vast misery, which is the result of its policies, through brutal waves of murder and terror, keeping people afraid and terrified, and thereby passive. On 2 September, Moscow radio strongly criticized Soviet collective farms. It accused the leaders and the enslaved forced laborers of inadequate efforts and insufficient enthusiasm. That is doubtless the beginning of one of the notorious Soviet “cleansing actions” that the new Soviet terror organization, the NKVD, will take up now that the GPU had to be eliminated when it became too notorious, as had the Cheka before it.
As a result of the desperate Soviet situation, admitted even by its allies, the Western plutocrats have sung Stalin’s praises even more loudly than before. He is demanding that the English and Americans take action to finally relieve the hard fighting in the east. The Soviets view terror attacks by English and American flyers on German civilians as wholly inadequate.
A series of articles and commentaries in Soviet newspapers has made this particularly clear. The News Chronicle recently reviewed Bolshevist thinking, and stated:
English military commentator Cyrill Falls agrees with Russia’s call for a second front, and wrote:
The News Chronicle has particularly close relations to the Soviet embassy in London. In its issue of 24 August, it considered relations with the Soviet Union in depth, saying among other things:
From all these reports, two things are clear:
Recently, England and America have countered impatient Soviet demands with criticism of the results of the current Soviet offensive, already in progress for more than eight weeks. Radio and press reports in both countries have said that “So far, there have been no dramatic breakthroughs,” certainly not in proportion to the huge losses in men and matériel.
A lead article in the Daily Express on 2 September said:
The neutral world, too, has clearly recognized that the determined German defensive battle in the East must be viewed as a complete and total German victory. The Bulgarian newspaper Novo Vreme writes:
The Observer sees the result of the battle in this way:
This overview, based on a selection from many enemy and neutral voices, allows us to evaluate the situation clearly. The situation, in fact, is as we described at the beginning. The goal of German operations in the East is: To stop the Soviets from breaking through the German front and thereby gaining access to the Ukrainian harvest. Up until now, this goal has been fully attained.
The Exchange Telegraph summarized the situation in these words:
Publisher and responsible for the contents: Reichsamtsleiter M. Davidts, Amt Propagagandaleitung, Berlin W 8, Taubenstr. 10
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