Background: Rochlitz is a town between Dresden and Leipzig. It
was the seat of an SED Kreis (or county). Each county party unit
developed a plan for propaganda activities in the coming year. This is
the plan for Rochlitz County in 1982. This document gives a good idea
of the way an SED county organization planned propaganda activities.
The source: “Plan der massenpolitischen Arbeit der Kreisparteiorganisation
Rochlitz für das Jahr 1982,” Rochlitz: SED Kreisleitung Rochlitz,
1982. The original is in the SED party archive in Berlin, part of the
Plan for Mass Political
of the County Party Organization
for the Year 1982
1. The further realization of the decisions of the X. Party
Congress, which requires a considerable increase in the effectiveness
of political-ideological work, is the center of the political
work of the party organizations in the factories, collective
farms, organizations, and institutions of the county.
Therefore, there must be a qualitative improvement in political
training and Marxist-Leninist education to better equip the members
and candidates to:
offensively and persuasively explain the foundations of our policies
to all levels of the population of the county, in particular the working
class and the youth,
to serve as an example to all workers of necessary improvement in
and to deepen the confidence between the party and the people.
2. The tasks set by the X. Party Congress of the SED and the
significant decisions of the XXVI. Congress of the CPSU [Communist Party of the Soviet Union],
as well as the plenums and decisions of the Central Committee
and the documents of the international labor movement determine
the following key elements of agitation and propaganda in
the acceptance and dissemination of the ideas in the documents of
the X. Party Congress, in particular the building of a deep understanding
of the 10 key points of the party’s economic strategy and the resulting
necessity of fighting for the highest economic production as a way
of strengthening every aspect of our republic,
the building of a firm class position in the battle for guaranteeing
peace, supporting the peace initiatives of the XXVI. Party Congress
of the CPSU, and strengthening the fraternal ties with the Soviet Union,
as well as revealing the aggressive and inhumane policies of imperialism,
especially the USA and the BRD [Federal Republic
the further increase in the battle-readiness of the party organizations
through steeling the ideological strength of the comrades and strengthening
the relations between the party and the masses, above all by deepening
its influence on government offices, the union and the FDJ [the
Free German Youth].
3. We also want to help varied initiatives in socialist
competition and in meeting and exceeding the plan for 1982,
which is based on the economic strategy announced by our General
Secretary Erich Honecker at the X. Party Congress, and further
explained by the Third Plenum [of the
Central Committee]. We want to strengthen this clearly
focused, living, and persuasive political-ideological work by
winning further candidates from the ranks of younger workers
for the party.
In preparation for party elections, the party leadership is to
be further trained and strengthened so that they are in the position to
react independently to particular events, carry out the party’s decisions
under concrete conditions, and lead all comrades in the battle for the
highest quality and productivity.
That requires that all members of the county leadership, the officials
in the apparatus, and capable party activists receive clear tasks that
can be evaluated, and which will support, help, and encourage particular
basic organizations of the party.
Also, the experiences of the best must become the measure for all basic
party organizations. Particular attention is to be given to the educational
role of membership meetings and party group meetings.
4. Particular high points of mass political work in the county
for the year 1982 are:
Preparation and carrying out of party elections (1 March - 17 April)
The Day of the Soviet Union (23 February)
County farmers’ conference (25 February)
Days of rural agitation and propaganda (25 February - 19 March)
Week of fraternal military brotherhood (23 February - 1 March)
Day of the NVA [the GDR army]
International Women’s Day (8 March)
1 May International Fighting Day
8 May “Day of Liberation”
126th birthday of Clara Zetkin (5 July)
VII. Pioneer Congress in Dresden (August)
Day of Remembrance for the Victims of Fascism (12 September)
Republic Day (7 October)
85th Anniversary of the October Revolution (7 November)
Every party organization in industry, agriculture,
construction, transportation, and commerce must be clear that the
prime goal of socialist competition is better use of the qualitative
factors of economic growth, which is the crucial way to improve the
relationship between costs and output.
1. Party organizations are to use effective economic agitation
and propaganda to encourage and spread such tested forms
and methods as:
Personal plan pledges
The Schwedter Initiative: “Fewer Produce More”
“Good results for each day’s work”
Battle for recognition as “Area of Excellent Quality”
or “Exemplary Order and Security.”
The Initiative Movement and the MMM [an
organization for young workers]
With the support of the county party office, the already begun
exchanges of experiences are to be continued:
VEB Stern-Radio Rochlitz in the area of microelectronics
VEB Hydraulik Rochlitz on robotic technology
VEB Papierfabrik Penig on reducing raw material use
Good results with the comparison of accomplishments between
individual brigades and collectives (e.g., in the VEB Stern-Radio
Rochlitz, Getriebewerk Penig) are to be continued, introduced
in other factories, and given better publicity.
With the help of members of the KdT and factory groups of
URANIA, small exhibitions, shows and targeted speeches are to
be used more effectively for economic propaganda.
Responsible: Department of Economic Policy, Department of
2. Party organizations in rural and agricultural production
are to concentrate their economic agitation and propaganda in
preparing for and evaluating the XII. Farmers’ Congress of the
GDR in these areas:
further increasing cooperation between plant and animal agriculture
furthering and strengthening collective democracy
the complex use of scientific-technical progress
the effective use of soil
raising crop yields
guaranteeing high animal feed production
reducing the rate of animal loss
high results at low cost in each stall
saving energy (fuel and electricity)
The “Days of Rural Agitation and Propaganda”
will be carried out between 25 February and 19 March in the county.
It will open with the County Farmer’s Conference and conclude
with a “Ball for the Best” in agricultural production.
A special plan with concrete goals exists for the “Days
of Rural Agitation and Propaganda.”
Responsible: Agriculture Department, Department of
3. To support effective economic agitation and propaganda
in industry and agriculture, the County’s Working Group on
“Economic Agitation and Propaganda” will be activated.
In cooperation with the county’s educational institutions
and that of the VEB Getriebewerk, arguments, reports of
experiences, facts and statistics will be provided on such topics
Increasing labor productivity, efficiency and quality by further
intensification, saving material, and increasing the effective use
of science and technology
The most efficient possible use of energy and material, as well
as the battle against waste
Experiences in reducing energy consumption
Steady decreases in material usage, costs, and investments, as well
as the reduction of raw material costs for each 100 marks of production
The effective use of labor, eliminating unnecessary jobs, laborers
and work time, maintaining high labor discipline, as well as releasing
workers for other tasks under the “Schwedter Initiative.”
The better use of existing resources, especially machinery, equipment,
The battle to meet all export obligations according to contract,
and with good quality
Responsible: Department of Agitation/Propaganda, Department
of Economic Policy
The County Leadership Secretariat will ensure
that the plenums of the Central Committee and important party decisions
will be discussed in seminars with party secretaries, leaders of basic
party organizations, in the mass organizations, and in government organs.
Responsible: The County Secretariat
To train party secretaries, propagandists and speakers, propaganda
meetings will be held in 1982 on the following topics:
The economic strategy of the party
The political strength of the working class the foundation
of the socialist revolution
The further deepening of cooperation with the USSR. Problems and
challenges in the further development of socialist economic integration.
Current problems in revolutionary world developments
Responsible: Department of Agitation/Propaganda
2. The Party Education Year and the FDJ Study Year
[both year-long study groups for members],
consistent with the decision of the Politbüro of 23 June
1981, are to be a central part of inner-party life.
They are to be an intensive study of the class works of Marxism-Leninism
and the decisions of the party, as well as the application of
theoretical knowledge to daily political life. The goal is a
high level of participation.
The placement in the levels of the Party Education Year 1982/84
should result after personal conversations with every comrade,
and should be agreed upon by 15 March 1982 by the membership
The percentage of comrades active as propagandists who have
attended a BPS [District Party School]
should be increased.
Responsible: The leadership of the party basic organizations
The county’s educational office will prepare for the Party
Education Year 1982-83 by holding short courses for propagandists,
training 25 new propagandists by the beginning of the new Party
Responsible: Educational Office
Propagandists in the Party Education Year and the FDJ Study
Year will meet monthly on the “Day of the Propagandists.”
These meetings will include exchanges of experiences and provide
methodological-pedagogical training for propagandists. Every
other month, members of the county secretariat will explain to
the leaders decisions and current problems we face.
The leadership of the party basic organizations are responsible
for a high level of participation by their propagandists.
Responsible: Department of Agitation/Propaganda, Leadership
of the party basic organizations.
3. To train the party cadre, the county office will carry
out the following educational activities:
Monthly advice and training for party secretaries
Short courses for propagandists in industry, agriculture, government
Short courses to train propagandists
Courses for candidate members of the party
Advanced courses following the established curriculum
County and factory schools of Marxism-Leninism following the established
The party basic organizations are responsible for selecting
and delegating participants, and ensuring their regular participation.
Responsible: Secretariat, Leadership of the party basic
4. Guidance for agitators in small and mid-sized factories,
agricultural units, institutions, establishments, and neighborhood
party organizations will occur monthly at meetings held by secretariat
members in the four cities of the county.
The party leadership in larger basic organizations in industry
and agriculture will hold monthly meetings for their agitators.
Responsible: Department of Agitation/Propaganda, Leadership
of the basic organizations
5. To support the work of propagandists and agitators, the education
offices and the Agitation Commission of the SED county office will publish
arguments, factual material, and other written matter.
On the European strategy of the USA government
The peace policies of the Soviet Union and the socialist community
Problems of anti-Sovietism, anti-communism, nationalism
Continuing the course to meet the main tasks
Results in County Rochlitz in carrying out the decisions of the
X. Party Congress of the SED
Demands of the 1980’s on workers for increasing the productivity
of our economy
Scientific-technical progress in the service of capital
The strength of the working class the foundation of revolution
The cultural policies of the SED
Responsible: Department of Agitation/Propaganda
Specifics of mass-political work
1. Each month, the secretary of Agitation/Propaganda in the SED county
office secretariat will evaluate the mood and opinions of the county population.
Party secretaries and comrades from the mass organizations
will provide him with reports.
Responsible: Secretary of Agitation/Propaganda
After such evaluations, county functionaries will conduct
specific meetings (Wednesday conversations) and with the
county speaker collectives.
Advice for the discussion leader will be given on the last Friday of
each month by members of the secretariat. The results of the Wednesday
discussions and the speaker engagements will be part of the monthly evaluation
by the secretary of Agitation/Propaganda.
2. On political work with the working class
The working class must become more conscious of its role and
its social responsibility as the producing and governing class.
This consciousness must be demonstrated in class-conscious
behavior, in creative initiatives to strengthen our republic
politically, economically and militarily, in their behavior inside
and outside the factory, and above all in their families.
In cooperation with comrades from the union, discussions and
conversations on the basic issues of our policies must be conducted
The party leadership in factories will organize the use
of all functionaries and leading cadres in group discussions,
and in supervising and evaluating the results. The heads of the
factories will meet regularly with masters and brigade leaders.
The party leadership of the basic organizations will evaluate
Comrades will receive specific assignments to meet with young
workers, particularly those in youth brigades, to discuss the
responsibility of the working class and the role and significance
of the party. The goal is to win the best as candidate members
for the party.
The mass political work with the working class must focus
on such problems as:
The unity of socialism and peace. The securing of peace and banishing
the danger of war the most important problems for humanity.
The general strengthening of the GDR and socialism the most
important prerequisite for maintaining peace.
Raising national productivity requires increasing labor productivity,
efficiency, and quality as the main goal of the workers’ mass initiative.
The close connection between the advantages of socialism and the
results of the scientific-technical revolution.
The political strength of the working class the foundation
The growing leadership role of the SED by the further formation
of the developed socialist society in the GDR.
3. On political work with the class of collective farmers
In political work with those in rural areas, those involved
in food production, and in preparation for the XII. Farmers’
Congress of the GDR, the creativity of these workers is to
be directed toward the carrying out of our economic strategy.
The sense of individual responsibility for their LPG [a collective farm] must be increased
along with their desire to use all resources. Further developing
cooperation between plant and animal production is also of great
A high point of mass political work with the rural population
is the “Days of Rural Agitation and Propaganda”
from 25 February to 19 March.
The party leadership of all basic organizations in factories,
rural areas and in agricultural production must ensure that monthly
discussions with collective members are held on the basic problems
of domestic and foreign developments.
Activist meetings should be held to prepare for important
times of agricultural production.
The schools of collective labor are to be used effectively
to acquaint the farmers even better with the decisions of the
X. Party Congress and the XII. Farmers’ Congress, and to encourage
new initiatives to realize these decisions.
Work with temporary party groups in agriculture is to be improved
and their political attractiveness for the party collective increased.
The popular scientific propaganda of URANIA groups should
be focused more strongly on explaining problems of our collective
development to the members of the collectives.
The Traditional Rooms in the collective farms “Thomas
Müntzer” in Königsfeld, “Erich Gasch”
in Erlbach and “Fortschritt Naundorf” are to be used
more effectively to develop historical consciousness on the part
of the rural population.
The following problems should be the center of mass political
work with collective farmers:
The contribution of agriculture to the strengthening of the GDR
and the preservation of peace
The importance of increasing agricultural production in meeting
the main tasks of the 1980’s.
Further social development in rural areas
The alliance policies of the party
The role and significance of higher agricultural production in the
class conflict between socialism and imperialism
The party’s economic strategy for the 1980’s and its significance
The foundations for these are the documents of the XII. Farmers’
Congress of the GDR.
4. On mass political work with the socialist intelligentsia
The knowledge, ability and creative potential of the members of the socialist
intelligentsia is to be oriented more strongly at meeting the demands
of the 1980’s. They should direct their efforts to developing a greater
degree of effectiveness in using science and technology in our economy,
and to making a contribution to the continued intellectual and cultural
development of socialism. Those should be the focus of mass political
work with socialist intellectuals.
In factories, regular discussions with members of the technical
intelligentsia should be held on ways of using science and technology
to encourage rapid productivity growth and for meeting and exceeding
the plan for quality production. This should particularly include
colleagues active in research, development, and technology.
Factory groups of the Chamber of Technology should make greater
contributions to encouraging the technical intelligentsia to use science
and technology more effectively in production. The leadership of the
factory’s party basic organization should meet regularly with the
Chamber of Technology to develop concrete, specific plans.
“Days of Economic Propaganda” will be held at the VEB
Getreidewerk Penig in May 1982.
Mass political work with the medical intelligentsia must
lead to an improvement of medical care for the population as an important
part of our party’s social policy. Secretariat members will conduct
quarterly meetings with doctors.
The Health Department of the county council, the Cultural Federation
and the County URANIA group will carry out personal conversations,
forums, discussions and other interesting meetings with doctors and
mid-level medical personnel. They should focus on problems of the
social development of our republic and the responsibility of doctors
and their work collectives.
The doctor’s group of the party education year will be continued.
Leading comrades of our county should participate in discussing problems
and the tasks set by the X. Party Congress.
Mass political work with artists and cultural workers should
make these workers in our county more aware of their responsibility
for the intellectual-cultural development of our population and for
The secretariat will hold regular discussions with artists in the
The Cultural Department of the county council and the county office
of the Culture League will organize regular consultations, conversations,
and problem discussions with leaders and members of cultural groups
and other artists.
The county office of the Culture League will improve the level of
discussion meetings in the four cities in the county.
The attractiveness of party groups in the cultural groups is to
be further increased. The leadership of the party basic organizations
should ensure regular guidance of these party groups.
Mass political work with pedagogical intelligentsia will
concentrate on effective communist education of the school youth,
and on high quality instruction. A particular goal is improving military-political
School functionaries in every school are to conduct personal
conversations with teachers and students. The party leadership
will regularly supervise and evaluate the results.
5. Mass political work with the youth
Work with the youth should win their enthusiasm, their desire
for action and their active creative cooperation in mastering
the demands of science and technology for higher economic growth
in the economy, for gaining comprehensive knowledge, and for
a higher defensive readiness.
The successful fulfillment of the “FDJ-Task “X.
Party Congress” is at the center of the mass political
With the support of the party leadership and government heads,
each FDJ group should carry out the following thematic membership
“My contribution to the plan for 1982.”
“Peace must be defended Peace must be armed.”
During the period 23 February - 1 March 1982, the “Week
of Fraternal Military Brotherhood” will occur.
A variety of meetings will consider military, including military political
competitions, forums and round table discussions, will raise issues of
defensive preparedness, the friend-foe outlook, and socialist military
morale with the youth.
In Preparation for the VII. Pioneer Meeting, round table discussions
and forums with Pioneers will be held in the schools by secretariat members
and other leading functionaries.
In preparing for and Evaluating the FDJ Cultural Conference that
will be held in Leipzig in October 1982, the FDJ county leadership and
the county council will raise the level of intellectual-cultural life
in the youth brigades, and improve the quality of political-cultural programs
in FDJ groups.
The county URANIA leadership will organize a Youth URANIA
Week from 1-6 May 1982. It will deal with problems of the
6. On mass political work with women
The goal of work with women is to further increase their engagement
for societal development.
The DFD [The GDR’s women’s group]
will use the women’s academies to better meet
the needs of women in our area.
The “Day of Women Farmers” during the “Days
of Rural Agitation and Propaganda” will be used to acquaint
the women through forums, conversations, “leadership meetings”
and other forms of mass political work with the problems of social
development in agricultural areas, and to encourage their active
participation in this process.
The county board of the DFD, the county office of the Culture Federation,
the county council and the Culture Department will ensure that women are
included even more in mass political work.
7. On work with the National Front
The National Front’s mass political work aims at including as many people
as possible, regardless of their worldviews and religious beliefs, in
further advancing the developed socialist society.
The “Mayor’s Meetings” are to be better used
to provide a form of mass political work appropriate to the needs
of citizens, and should aim at involving as many citizens as
possible in the “Mach mit!!” Competition.
[This was a form of voluntary-compulsory community service.]
In 1982, our county will begin work on Highway F 175. Under the slogan
“From the Hartauer Cross to the Green Fir”, work on beautifying
the cities and communities along the highway will begin.
The party organizations, local councils, and boards of the
National Front in the adjoining areas, effective mass political
work should help win the participation of many citizens.
1. The Commission to Investigate the History of the Local
Workers’ Movement” will have as its central task until
October 1982 a “Chronicle of the History of the County Party
Organization in Rochlitz.”
In the Third Quarter of 1982, Volume 10 in the series “History
of Rochlitz County” will appear. Its title will be: The
History of the KPD in Rochlitz County from 1925-1928.
2. The following short training and continuing education
classes will be held in 1982:
A course for all party secretaries in the first half of 1982
A course for literature officials in April/May
A course for basic organization secretaries for Agitation/Propaganda
A course in May for new propagandists
A course in September/October for propagandists in the Party
Education Year and the FDJ Study Year
A short course for members of the Women’s Commission and Veterans
Commission in the 4th Quarter of 1982
Candidate courses (each 5 days)
February 1982 — in Penig
June 1982 — in Rochlitz
October 1982 — in Rochlitz
December 1982 — in Rochlitz
All County Boards, county headquarters and mass organizations,
including the county headquarters of the National Front, will
develop by 15 January 1982 a concrete plan to develop high quality
differentiated mass political work.
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