Background: This is the second part of a pamphlet outlining the educational plan of the Hitler Youth organization for girls for the winter of 1938/39. Background information is available on the previous page.
The source: Dienstvorschrift der Hitler Jugend: Die weltanschauliche Schulung im Winterhalbjahr 1938/39 (Gültig für die Zeit vom 1.10.1938 bis 31.5.1939) (Berlin: Reichsjugendführung, Amt für weltanschauliche Schulung, 1938).
Worldview Education for Winter 1938/39
IV. Leadership Training Schools
The Reich Leadership Schools of the BDM provide three-week courses for the top leadership of the BDM. The Reich Leadership School Potsdam (I) trains senior leaders of the Madel- and Jungmädeluntergaue, and department heads in the Obergaue. The Reich Leadership School Boyden (II) trains younger leaders of the Mädel-and Jungmädeluntergaue, as well as applicants for these positions.
The Obergau Leadership Schools offer alternating three-week courses for leaders of Mädel- and Jungmädel rings and groups, and two-week courses for leaders of Mädel and Jungmädel rings and groups.
Worldview education in the Obergau Leadership Schools will follow a plan issued by the Amt WS [Office for Worldview Education].
Students of housekeeping will take courses that meet for four hours weekly for a year at the Housekeeping Schools of the BDM. This will follow a plan for worldview education issued by the Amt WS. The plan includes these areas:
V. Leadership Training Program
Length of Leadership Training Program
The leadership training program begins on 1 October each year, and concludes on 31 March.
The WS department leaders of the Gebiet and the Obergau together plan the whole leadership training program, and determine the activities of the Bannen, Jungbannen, Untergauen, and JM-Untergauen. They choose the working group leaders, visit the working groups, and supervise them. If a group fails to meet the tasks, they intervene. They are responsible for preparing propaganda, and are responsible for gathering statistics on the leadership training program, and for maintaining a card file of group leaders. They keep in contact with the relevant Gau offices. Each WS department leader leads a local history group in the district. The department leader should use every opportunity to support the offices of the leadership training program.
WS-Stellenleiter have the same duties in the Bann, Jungbann, Untergau, or JM-Untergau as the WS WS-Abteilungsleiter have in a Gebiet or Obergau.
The Head of the Leadership Training Program
The head of the leadership training program is also the Standortführer. The Standortführer appoints a deputy. He works closely with the relevant BDM leaders. He opens and concludes the leadership training program. The Standortführer or BDM leader chose participants and are together responsible to see that the leaders have the necessary time to visit the groups.
The Deputy of the Standortführer for the leadership training program is responsible for the necessary technical preparations, such as securing rooms, teaching materials, etc., and is also responsible for establishing reporting stations, for issuing participant ID cards, etc. In larger areas, he can have an assistant to take on some of the duties.
The themes for the groups are determined by the Reichsjugendführung, and are as follows:
If a department leader wishes to cover a theme other than the ones discussed here, it requires the approval of the Amt WS of the Reichsjugendführung. The Amt WS head will provide themes for the program of the girls section of the BDM Chief Expert in the Amt WS of the Reichsjugendführung.
The leader of a unit must be well prepared and absolutely reliable from a worldview standpoint. The unit leaders can be taken from the following organizations:
Unit leaders will be proposed by the Bannführer, Untergauführer, or Amt WS, and approved by the Amt WS head. As much as is possible, unit leaders should attend a short conference that will give those not involved with the HJ an overview of our activity and bring them in contact with the leaders.
It is preferable for all groups in an area to meet in the same building. The rooms may not be so close together than they interfere with each other. They should not be too large. There should be an electrical outlet for projectors and a place to hang maps and pictures. Rooms may be found in:
The Standortführer’s deputy or office manager will secure the rooms. There should be one large room where all the units can come together at the beginning and end of the leadership training program.
Books, pictures and maps cam be used as teaching materials. Books can be secured from the following places:
In some cases, participants may help in building a collection of newspaper and magazine articles.
Maps can be gotten from the Reichsjugendführung, from schools, universities, and the German Foreign Institute. There is also the option of having participants prepare simple, poster-sized maps.
The HJ and SS produce film strips. Usually, a HJ film strip projector can be used. Film strip projectors can also be borrowed from:
To help cover costs, participants in the leadership training program can be charged 1 RM.
Opening and Closing the Leadership Training Program
The Amt WS head determines the nature of the opening of the leadership training program. The opening event should occur before the units begin their meetings.
More effort should be put into the opening event than to the closing. In closing, there should simply be a gathering at with the Standortführer gives a brief speech and hands out certificates to participants. The Standortführer will also thank the volunteer unit leaders.
At all leadership meetings before opening the winter activity, the leadership training program should be mentioned. In Gebiet and Obergau newsletters, as well as in memos to leaders, an outline of the units planned for the Gebiet or Obergau should be carried. In cooperation with the press department leader, newspapers in the Gebiet and the Gau press service should regularly report on the leadership training program.
Participation in the leadership training program is voluntary. Those eligible to participate include Stammführer, Jungstammführer, BDM- and JM Ringführerinnen, Fähnleinführer, BDM- and JM-Gruppenführerinnen, and members of the staffs of Banne, Jungbanne, and BDM- and JM-Untergaue. Furthermore, capable leaders of lower-level units may participate if they are at least sixteen years old. A successful applicant may count participation in the leadership training program as HJ duty.
Each working group will include about twenty leaders. The starting time depends on local conditions, but should not be later than 8:30 p.m. The starting time must be clear so that participants can arrive punctually.
A list will be kept of participants, maintained by an assigned participant. This participant will also introduce the speaker.
University for Politics
In Gebiet Berlin, the leadership training program of the Hitler Youth works together with the seminar for Hitler Youth Leaders of the German University for Politics.
The German University for Politics will announce its winter schedule in its catalog for 1938/39.
VI. Local History Training
The Amt WS heads can provide material on local history for the third home evening each month. They will provide the appropriate information.
VII. Supervising Home Evenings
For the educational year 1938/39, supervision of home evenings will follow the procedures laid out last year in Reichsbefehl 34/II of the Stabsführer.
The following directives apply this year:
The WS-Stellenleiterin as well as the BDM and JM Ringführerin should each supervise one home evening each week. The WS-Stellenleiterin will submit a monthly report to the WS-Abteilungsleiterin on the conduct of home evening supervision in the Bereich or Untergau. The WS-Abteilungsleiterin will provide a comprehensive monthly report on home evening supervision to the Amt WS. This report should be two typed pages long and is due on the 10th of the following month at the Amt WS of the Reichsjugendführung. The Obergauen may use forms.
VIII. Distribution of the home evening newsletters Die Jungmädelschaft and Die Mädelschaft.
Besides the free copies of the home evening newsletters to the units, the home evening newsletters are available by subscription at RM .45 quarterly. This price applies only to orders of at least 40 copies. Editions A and B, however, can count together (e.g., 25 copies of Jungmädelschaft, Edition A, and 15 copies of Edition B, together 40 copies).
Individual subscriptions may be taken at post offices. Orders can be made at the relevant post office branch. The quarterly price is RM .92, and RM .10 for postage.
IX: The Book Service of the Amt WS
Each month. the Amt WS of the Reichsjugendführung will select a book relevant to the educational work of the Hitler Youth that will be sent to the units down to the Bann level (Jungbann, Untergau), as approved by the Reichskassenverwalter. All other lower-level units will have opportunity to order these books as well, depending on their financial abilities. The Bücherwerk GmbH, Berlin W9, Potsdamer Straße 18, will handle this. Each month, a sufficient number of order slips will be distributed so that lower-level units that want the book can order the book directly from Berlin. The book will be sent COD from there.
Furthermore, each BDM leader can use this book service. For information, here is a list of some of the books previously provided:
The book for September is Stuckart-Albrecht: Neues Staatsrecht.
For October/November, the Cartographic Institute is preparing Wagner-Oebel: Handatlas für die HJ.
December: Jambrowski: Deutschland in der Weltwirtschaft.
X. The filmstrip as educational method
The HJ projector.
The HJ projector was developed by the Amt WS to allow the projected picture to become a more important tool for educational work. The Stabsleiter has ordered that each new Hitler Youth home is to have one. The HJ projector belongs in each Hitler Youth home. It is therefore necessary for each HJ leader and each Mädel leader to learn how to use this important tool, and to work with party offices and government offices to secure a projector for the formation of for the location.
The HJ projector comes complete for RM. 100 (including the projector with a 250-watt lamp, a stand, a replacement bulb, and case). Orders are to be made through the HJ administrative office, which will direct them to the dealer who can order the necessary item.
Offices and persons outside the HJ may order the HJ projector as long as they agree to make the equipment available at any time for the relevant HJ unit.
You are reminded that, by order of the Reichskassenverwalter, HJ projectors are to be inventoried and kept secure.
“Filmstrips for Education in the Hitler Youth”
“Filmstrips for Education in the Hitler Youth” should not be used as visual aids for a speech, but rather are an independent educational method.
They may be purchased for RM 1 each from the Sales Office of the Verwaltungsamt der Reichsjugendführung, payment with the order. The shipping costs depend on the number of filmstrips ordered:
To order ten filmstrips, for example, send 10 X RM 1 and RM .40, or a total of RM 10.40, to Postscheckkonto Berlin Nr. 11 071.
To simplify the process, each film strip has a number so that the whole title does not need to be given.
By order of the Reichspropagandaleiter of the NSDAP, “Filmstrips for Education in the Hitler Youth” may be ordered by offices and persons outside the HJ through the Gaubildstellen or the Hauptstelle Lichtbild of the Reichspropagandaleitung (Munich, Karlstraße 20).
The following filmstrips are currently available:
Filmstrip Service of the Amt WS
Parallel to the Book Service, the Amt WS has established a filmstrip service to regularly supply the units with film strips. This includes all Gebiete, Obergaue, Reichs-, Gebiets-, Obergau-, and Fachschulen of the HJ, as well as all Banne, Jungbanne, Untergaue, and JM-Untergaue. Each unit can subscribe individually, or several together. Each month, two film strips will appear, for a total price of RM 2.30. Applications should be sent to the Verwaltungsstelle of the Bann (Untergau), which will distribute the filmstrips and collect the payments. Every unit that has an HJ projector should participate.
The planned filmstrips for the educational year 1938/39 are:
Ordering and Using the “Filmstrips for Education in the Hitler Youth”
The Reichspropagandaleitung der NSDAP, in agreement with the Stellvertreter des Führers and the Beauftragten für die gesamte geistige und weltanschauliche Erziehung der NSDAP, ruled on 20 May 1938 that the Reichspropagandaleitung is responsible for the entire filmstrip system of the party, its subordinates, and affiliated organizations.
The request by the Amt WS to produce and issue filmstrips for internal use in the educational work of the Hitler Youth was approved under Article 3 of the above agreement.
All filmstrips used in the education program of the Hitler Youth will carry the subtitle “Filmstrips for Education in the Hitler Youth.” Offices of the Hitler Youth that plan to produce filmstrips must inform the Amt WS before beginning work, and must submit the filmstrip before duplicating it for an evaluation of its content, methods, and technical aspects. The Amt WS will secure approval for the filmstrip in question, and will issue permission to publish it as a “Filmstrip for Education in the Hitler Youth,” and to use it in HJ educational activity. It is forbidden to use the subtitle for filmstrips that have not been submitted to the Amt WS. Filmstrips from private publishing firms may not be used in HJ educational activity without prior permission.
This regulation also applies to the production and use of slides and Epikarten.
HJ units do not need to follow the Reichspropaganaleitung’s regulation on reporting or supplying projectors and material as long as they are using the HJ projector or ““Filmstrips and Slides for Education in the Hitler Youth.” The required reporting will be handled centrally by the Amt WS, which will arrange matters with the Reichspropagandaleitung. Requests from Gau or county picture office of the NSDAP should be replied to by mentioning this regulation. In uncertain cases, consult with the Amt WS.
XI. Wille und Macht
All paid leaders of the Hitler Youth will receive the magazine Wille und Macht, issued by the Reichsjugendführer, at their own expense. Leaders of BDM and JM Ringen receive this magazine without cost. Wille und Macht appears every two weeks. Every four weeks, it includes a supplement from the Amt WS titled Weltanschaung im Kampf. Wille und Macht, along with the supplements on worldview education, are indispensable for the HJ leadership.
Duties of Offices with Regards to the Worldview Education Program
Duties of the JMschaftsführerin
Duties of the JM-Scharführerin
Duties of the JM-Gruppenführerin
Duties of the JM-Ringführerin
Duties of the JM-Untergauführerin
Duties of the Mädelschaftsführerin
Duties of the Mädelscharführerin
Duties of the Mädelgruppenführerin
Duties of the Mädelringführerin
Duties of the WS-Stellenleiterin
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